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FABRIC 101: UNDERSTAND FABRIC TYPES, STRUCTURE, USES

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Fabric is one of the most versatile materials used in clothing. Many fabrics are available, each with unique properties and use. The following article will help you understand fabric types and structure uses – so that you can understand why they’re essential and how they work together to create a garment or accessory.

Understanding the Fabric Types

Fabric is made up of natural or synthetic fibres. Fibres are spun together to create yarn, woven or knitted into fabric. There are many different types of fabrics, including:

  • Cotton 
  • Wool (wool skirt)
  • Linen (linen skirt)

Fabrics can also be made from multiple fibres mixed to create a fabric similar to those found in one single-fibre material but with more durability and strength due to the added weight of the other materials used in its construction.

Plant-Based Fabrics

There are a variety of plant-based fabrics available to you. Cotton, linen, rayon and silk are some of the most popular choices for sewing projects. Other common types include bamboo, jute and sisal (flax). Hemp is also essential in producing these fibres since it can be used for making clothes or even paper products! Kapok is another popular fabric used for centuries as a filling in mattresses; ramie has good strength but low elasticity, so it doesn’t stretch out as much as other materials.

Animal Derived Fibers

Wool, silk and angora are the three most popular animal-derived fibres. All types of hair come from animals like sheep, goats and alpacas (the hair on an alpaca’s back). The fibres may be combed or carded into yarns before spinning into thread or fabric.

Wool is a natural fibre that grows from woollen animals like sheep; it has been used for thousands of years in clothing because it can be worn against your skin without making you uncomfortable.

Silk comes from silkworms’ cocoons; it does not have lustre but is solid and lightweight when woven into cloth because the thread sticks together easily with each other due to its high number of hydrogen bonds per strand (about 300 million per fibre).

Angora fibre comes from angoras goats. This type has softness similar to cashmere due to its delicate structure, mainly lanolin oil, found naturally within its coatings.

Man-Made Fabrics

Man-made fibres are synthetic fibres that are made by a chemical reaction. The most common man-made fibre is polyester, used in clothing and other products to give them some stretchiness or strength. Polyester also has a lot of different uses besides clothes!

For example, it’s used in insulation and insulation jackets (they can be worn under your jacket). Polyester is also used as an additive in many plastics because it holds heat well.

Fabric Structure and Uses

The fabric structure is one of the most critical factors in determining how a fabric will be used. The structure of fabric can be woven, nonwoven, knit or braided. 

Woven Fabrics

Woven fabrics are made from two sets of yarns that are interlaced to form a fabric with a pattern. In this case, the term “woven” refers to how the yarns are arranged so they create an overall design. The most common types of woven fabrics include:

  • Knitting or crocheting (also called knitting-on)
  • Crocheting (also called crochet-on)
  • Bias binding

Nonwoven Fabrics

Nonwoven fabrics are a type of nonwoven fabric. They are made by bonding fibres together using heat, pressure, or chemicals.

Nonwovens can be used to make many different kinds of products, including disposable wipes and other disposable products like diapers and baby wipes. Nonwovens also make up the majority of paper towels in the United States today! [1]

Conclusions

We hope you now understand fabric types and structure uses. Fabric is an essential part of our fashion world, so it’s important to know the ins and outs of this versatile material. Well, if you want to keep yourself out of the process, leave everything to us! We, at Iconic Apparel House, will work with you as your best custom clothing manufacturer in Canada and fulfil all your clothing curation desires.